Safe Sun Practices
Re-apply sunscreen frequently.
Sweating and swimming dilute any sunscreen’s effectiveness. Next to using too low of a sun protection factor (SPF) or a total lack of protection, the failure to reapply sunscreen consistently is the main cause of burning. In intense sun, reapply at least every hour.
Don’t rub it in.
Rapid absorption of lotion leaves the outermost layers of skin with reduced SPF. Dab sunscreen onto sun-sensitive areas.Wait 60 seconds, then gently smooth the sunscreen evenly onto your skin.
Take frequent shade breaks.
Taking 15 minutes or more per hour is enough time to let your skin cool down and recover.
Keep your skin moisturized and hydrated.
Moist skin is far less likely to burn and will tan faster. Moisturize and nourish your skin before and after long sun exposure.
If your skin overheats, it can react with a classic heat rash, which can quickly lead to burning. Take occasional shade breaks. Cool off in the water frequently and reapply sunscreen. Avoid waterproof, sport block, sweat proof, and baby block sunscreens if spending extended periods in the sun. The petroleum bases in these products can cause the skin to overheat quickly.
Never expose burned skin to more sun.
Burned skin will not tan—it will only get worse. Keep burned skin cool and try to minimize sweating to reduce chances of blistering. Never put waterproof sunscreens on pink or burned skin.
Healthy Sun Protocol
Whether it be the start of summer or a trip to a sunnier locale, allow your skin to slowly get accustomed to increased levels of sun. Start with a short amount of time in the sun with frequent shade breaks. Gradually progress to longer sun exposure. Having an established base tan means that your skin is producing enough melanin to supplement the protection of the sunscreen you are using. As you develop a healthy tan, you can use a lower SPF, letting your skin absorb healthy amounts of vitamin D-producing UVB rays.